What is strep throat/ scarlet fever?

  • Viruses are the most common cause of a sore throat. However, strep throat is an infection in the throat and tonsils caused by bacteria called group A Streptococcus (group A strep).
  • Strep throat is more common in children than adults. It is most common in children 5 through 15 years old. It is very rare in children younger than 3 years old.

Is this a reportable illness?

  • This is not a reportable illness to CDPH but consult with your school nurse to confirm this diagnosis with parents or the medical provider.

What do schools need to do next?

  • Sick Person
    • Exclude until after 12 hours of effective antimicrobial therapy and afebrile for 24 hours without the use of fever-reducing medications
    • Encourage students to avoid sharing drinks or utensils; exclude infected adults from food handling.
  • Close Contacts
    • Symptomatic contacts of documented cases should be tested and if positive, treated.
  • No special cleaning required.