Shigella bacteria cause an infection called shigellosis. Most people with Shigella infection have diarrhea (sometimes bloody), fever, and stomach cramps. Symptoms usually begin 1–2 days after infection and last 7 days.
Most people recover without needing antibiotics. However, people with severe illness and those with underlying conditions that weaken the immune system should be given antibiotics. Antibiotics can shorten the duration of illness (by about 2 days) and might help reduce the spread of Shigella to others.
Cases need to be excluded until diarrhea has ceased for 24 hours (stools contained in the diaper or when toilet-trained children are continent and when stool frequency becomes no more than two stools above that child’s normal baseline for the time the child is in the program, even if the stools remain loose) and may not handle shared food for 48 hours after recovery.
No action for close contacts.
No special cleaning required but encourage good diapering practices
Separate diaper-changing areas from play and food preparation areas.
Ensure children wear clothing over their diapers to prevent the spread of germs.
Wash hands (both yours and the child’s) after each diaper change.