COVID-19 - HAN
COVID-19 QUICK LINKS
Contact Tracing Resources for CDPH Partners
Local Health Department Contacts for School Cases with Residence Outside Chicago
Coronavirus Response Center Links
Updates to Isolation Period Recommendations (August 28, 2020)
Important COVID-19 Information for Facilities
- COVID-19 Guidance and Toolkit for Acute Care Facilities
- COVID-19 Guidance and Toolkit for Long-term Care Facilities
- COVID-19 Guidance for Outpatient Settings
- Tips for Non-Traditional COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing in the Outpatient Setting
- CDPH COVID-19 Data Sharing Overview
- What to do if you have COVID-19 symptoms
2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
Background: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is closely monitoring the pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus (COVID-19). The majority of patients have been hospitalized with mild illness, with some progressing to critical illness and death. This is a rapidly evolving situation and updates will be provided as more information becomes available.
Testing: Effective immediately, authorization is no longer required for COVID 19 testing at the IDPH Public Health Laboratories. The testing priorities remain unchanged and can be reviewed on the IDPH COVID webpage, Requesting COVID-19 Testing at IDPH Laboratories.
Note: 1) Testing for other viruses is not required prior to ordering COVID-19 testing via IDPH 2) IDPH or LHD approval is not necessary for COVID-19 testing at commercial, hospital, or academic laboratories.
Definitions for SUSPECT COVID-19 by Setting
|Setting||Suspect COVID-19 Illness Definition|
|Hospitalized patients||Severe respiratory illness (e.g. pneumonia or ARDS) of unclear etiology after initial evaluation.|
|Health care and public safety workers Staff in residential congregate care settings||Fever ( > 100.4 F/38 C) AND new onset respiratory symptom(s) (e.g. cough, or sob, or sore throat) that cannot be attributed to an underlying or previously recognized condition|
|Residents in congregate care settings that serve vulnerable populations that are part of a cluster in that setting|| |
Fever > 100.0 F/37.8C OR cough OR shortness of breath OR sore throat that cannot be attributed to an underlying or previously recognized conditionCluster: 2 or more suspect or lab confirmed COVID illnesses occurring among residents within a 7-day period. If suspect cases test negative for COVID-19 and either have an alternative diagnosis or do not have progressive respiratory illness, they are no longer considered to have suspect COVID-19 illness.
NOTE: Congregate setting that serves vulnerable populations: e.g. a skilled nursing facility, an assisted living facility, group home, homeless shelter, or correctional setting. Positive results may be due to past or present infection with non-SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus species, such as coronavirus HKU1, NL63, OC43, or 229E.
No vaccine or specific treatment for COVID-19 infection is available at this time. At present, medical care for patients with COVID-19 is supportive. For updates, see CDC's Interim Clinical Management Guidance.
COVID-19 Lab Testing Information
Improved testing capacity allows for improved ability to identify COVID-19 cases; prompt reporting to public health is fundamental for investigation and isolation of cases to mitigate spread.
- Providers are encouraged to obtain specimens for COVID-19 molecular testing for all patients seeking care who are symptomatic, even those with mild symptoms.
- Providers unable to gain access to reference laboratories, may leverage public health resources for testing: http://www.dph.illinois.gov/testing
- All providers and testing sites must report to Public Health all individuals tested for COVID-19, in accordance with the Illinois Control of Communicable Diseases Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 690.200(a)(5)).
- Sites should submit electronically through the Illinois National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (I-NEDSS) via integrated Electronic Laboratory Reporting (ELR).
- All health care providers that are unable to establish an electronic laboratory reporting feed to INEDSS shall use another electronic mechanism to submit
such data, which may include a Health Level Seven (HL7) electronic data feed or submit through an established REDCap electronic case submission form. These submissions shall be completed within 24 hours of ordering a COVID-19 laboratory test, and within 24 hours of a laboratory result. To establish an HL7 feed, please reach out for assistance at: CDPHCovidDataHub@rush.edu. A REDCap case report form can be submitted at: https://redcap.dph.illinois.gov/surveys/?s=FR7MAJAY84.
- Additionally, entities that are not reporting through I-NEDSS need to notify CDPH via email of the location of
testing and type of test offered at: email@example.com.
Laboratory capacity to diagnose COVID-19 infections has increased to support testing for many patients in outpatient settings who have symptoms suggestive of COVID-19.
When testing resource limitations necessitate prioritization of testing decisions, providers should refer to CDC PRIORITIES FOR COVID-19 TESTING for molecular testing, which are summarized below. However, when adequate testing capacity is available, all symptomatic patients should be tested.
Testing individuals without symptoms is not a priority in routine clinical settings
- Testing of other individuals, including asymptomatic individuals identified in health care settings, congregate living settings, and workplaces may occur in limited settings as part of public health investigations and infection control interventions.
COVID-19 Testing at IDPH laboratories
Submission of specimens for molecular testing for COVID-19 at IDPH labs no longer requires prior approval from CDPH. Acceptable specimens collected by healthcare personnel for molecular testing include:
- Nasopharyngeal swab video
- Nasal mid turbinate swab (deep Nasal Swab)
- Oropharyngeal swab
- Nasopharyngeal wash or nasal aspirate
- IDPH Specimen Submission Process:
- A lab requisition should be completed for each specimen and submitted along with the specimen: IDPH lab requisition form
- Complete one test requisition form for each specimen submitted
- Clearly label patient identifiers for tracking and reporting purposes on both the specimen tube and IDPH lab requisition form
- Specimen storage: Specimens ≤ 72 hours from submission should be held at 2-8°C and sent on ice packs to:
2121 W. Taylor St.
Chicago, IL 60612
Interim Laboratory Biosafety Guidelines for Handling and Processing Specimens Associated with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
COVID-19 Other Info
Considerations for Collection of Diagnostic Respiratory Specimens
Some specimen collection guidance has changed since July 8, 2020. See Interim Guidelines for Collecting, Handling, and Testing Clinical Specimens for 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV). When collecting diagnostic respiratory specimens (e.g., nasopharyngeal swab) from a patient with possible COVID-19, the following should occur:
- Specimen collection should be performed in a normal examination room with the door closed.
- HCP in the room may wear a facemask, eye protection, gloves, and a gown.
- N95 respirators should be prioritized for other procedures at higher risk for producing infectious aerosols (e.g., intubation), instead of for collecting nasopharyngeal swabs.
- The number of HCP present during the procedure should be limited to only those essential for patient care and procedure support. Visitors should not be present for specimen collection.
Outpatient Environmental Infection Control Tips
- Routine cleaning and disinfection procedures (e.g., using cleaners and water to pre-clean surfaces prior to applying an EPA-registered, hospital-grade disinfectant to frequently touched surfaces or objects for appropriate contact times as indicated on the product’s label) are appropriate for SARS-CoV-2 in healthcare settings.
- Refer to List N on the EPA website for EPA-registered disinfectants that have qualified under EPA’s emerging viral pathogens program for use against SARS-CoV-2.
- Clean and disinfect procedure room surfaces promptly after diagnostic respiratory specimens obtained. In general, only essential personnel should enter the room of patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19.
- Although spread of SARS-CoV-2 is believed to be primarily via respiratory droplets, the contribution of small respirable particles to close proximity transmission is currently uncertain. Airborne transmission from person-to-person over long distances is unlikely.
- The amount of time that the air inside an examination room remains potentially infectious is not known and may depend on a number of factors including the size of the room, the number of air changes per hour, how long the patient was in the room, if the patient was coughing or sneezing, and if an aerosol-generating procedure was performed. Facilities will need to consider these factors when deciding when the vacated room can be entered by someone who is not wearing PPE.
- For a patient who was not coughing or sneezing, did not undergo an aerosol-generating procedure, and occupied the room for a short period of time (e.g., a few minutes), any risk to HCP and subsequent patients likely dissipates over a matter of minutes. However, for a patient who was coughing and remained in the room for a longer period of time or underwent an aerosol-generating procedure, the risk period is likely longer.
- For these higher risk scenarios, it is reasonable to apply a similar time period as that used for pathogens spread by the airborne route (e.g., measles, tuberculosis) and to restrict HCP and patients without PPE from entering the room until sufficient time has elapsed for enough air changes to remove potentially infectious particles.
- HCP already in PPE or Environmental Services (EVS) personnel may enter the room after sufficient time has elapsed, depending on the use of the room as above, and should wear a gown and gloves when performing terminal cleaning. HCP/EVS personnel should clean and disinfect environmental surfaces and shared equipment before the room is used for another patient.
- A facemask (if not already wearing for source control) and eye protection should be added if splashes or sprays during cleaning and disinfection activities are anticipated or otherwise required based on the selected cleaning products. Shoe covers are not recommended at this time for personnel caring for patients with COVID-19.
Considerations for Protecting and Managing Healthcare Personnel (HCP)
Many facilities have already experienced staffing shortages due to HCP exposures, illness, or need to care for family members at home. Plans and processes to mitigate staffing shortages can always be improved and current recommendations are described below.
- Facilities and organizations providing healthcare should implement sick leave policies for HCP that are non-punitive, flexible, and consistent with public health guidance.
- As part of routine practice, HCP should be asked to regularly monitor themselves for fever and symptoms of COVID-19.
- HCP should be reminded to stay home when they are ill.
- Screen all HCP at the beginning of their shift for fever and symptoms consistent with COVID-19*
- Actively take their temperature and document absence of symptoms consistent with COVID-19*. If they are ill, have them keep their cloth face covering or facemask on and leave the workplace.
- *Fever is either measured temperature >100.0°F or subjective fever. Note that fever may be intermittent or may not be present in some individuals, such as those who are elderly, immunosuppressed, or taking certain medications (e.g., NSAIDs). Clinical judgement should be used to guide testing of individuals in such situations. Respiratory symptoms consistent with COVID-19 are cough, shortness of breath, and sore throat. Medical evaluation may be warranted for lower temperatures (<100.0°F) or other symptoms (e.g., muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain headache, runny nose, fatigue) based on assessment by occupational health.
- If HCP develop fever (T≥100.0°F) or symptoms consistent with COVID-19* while at work they should keep their cloth face covering or facemask on, inform their supervisor, and leave the workplace.
- HCP with suspected COVID-19 should be prioritized for testing. See updated CDC guidance (August 24, 2020) on Overview on Testing for SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) as well as April 29, 2020 Health Alert: Recommendations for Health Care Providers to Test All Patients with Acute Respiratory Illness for COVID-19.
- Healthcare facilities should consider foregoing contact tracing in favor of universal source control for HCP and screening for fever and symptoms before every shift.
Return to Work Criteria for HCP with Confirmed or Suspected COVID-19
As of August 10, 2020, CDC recommends new criteria for return to work for HCP with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 which include a symptom-based (i.e., time-since-illness-onset and time-since-recovery strategy), time-based strategy or a test-based strategy (symtom-based preffered). Of note, there have been reports of prolonged detection of RNA without direct correlation to viral culture. Detecting viral RNA via PCR does not necessarily mean that infectious virus is present.
- Symptom-based strategy. Exclude from work until:
- At least 1 days (24 hours) have passed since recovery defined as resolution of fever without the use of fever-reducing medications and improvement in respiratory symptoms (e.g., cough, shortness of breath); and,
- Time-based strategy. Exclude from work until:
HOW TO REPORT COVID-19 TO CDPH
FOR INFORMATION ON THE COVID-19 VACCINATION PROGRAM
Please click here.
HOW TO REPORT COVID-19 TO CDPH
Both individual lab-confirmed cases and clusters are reportable conditions.
If you are an outpatient facility and do not have access to INEDSS or a congregate community setting (such as a camp, university, childcare setting, correctional facility, etc), please complete the COVID-19 Online Case Report Form (a confidential online survey powered by IDPH REDCap).
If you are a healthcare provider: Select option 1 of the drop-down menu in the linked case report form: https://redcap.link/chicovidreport
Since July 13, 2020, community locations such as camps, childcare facilities, faith communities, homeless shelters, correctional facilities, etc. are encouraged to report individual reports of COVID-19 illness among group settings as well as clusters.
If you are a community partner: Select option 2 of the drop-down menu in the linked case report form: https://redcap.link/chicovidreport
Contact lists can be uploaded securely at https://redcap.link/chicovidcontacts
***Concerning calls to 311 for COVID-19, 311 calls should be reserved for discussion of management of confirmed COVID-19 cases only or urgent matters related to disposition of PUIs or cases. For these issues, call 311 during business hours / after hours / weekends / holidays and ask to speak with the medical director on call (312-744-5000 if outside the City of Chicago).
During early phases of the COVID-19 response, with limited laboratory capacity, COVID-19 testing was prioritized to optimize care of hospitalized patients, identify those at highest risk of complications from infection, and detect cases in critical infrastructure workers and first responders. Laboratory capacity to diagnose COVID-19 infections has increased to support testing for many in outpatient settings who have symptoms suggestive of COVID-19. Increasing the ability to identify COVID-19 cases and report to public health is fundamental for investigation and isolation of cases to mitigate spread.
- Providers are encouraged to obtain specimens for COVID-19 molecular testing for all patients seeking care who are symptomatic, even those with mild symptoms as well as asymptomatic exposures to known postive cases.
A list of commercial and hospital-based laboratories may be found here.
Checklists for Healthcare
FAQs for on specimen submission
Frequently asked questions on specimen submission:
Acceptable Media Types:
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently released additional media types that may be used as alternatives for universal transport media (UTM) or viral transport media (VTM), due to a nationwide shortage. A list of acceptable media types can be found in this FAQ here under “What If I Do Not 2 Have….?”. The Division of Laboratories will continue to send collection and transport supplies for COVID-19 testing performed at IDPH Labs to providers on a limited basis due to this nationwide shortage. The Supply Request form can be found here.
Considerations for Selecting a COVID-19 Diagnostic Test issued September 29, 2020
Considerations for COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing issued August 27, 2020
UPDATED Interim COVID-19 Testing Guidance for Exposed Individuals issued July 20, 2020
Travel Order Frequently Asked Questions Related to Healthcare Personnel issued July 7, 2020
IDPH: Guidance for Management of Patients in Home Care Setting During COVID-19 issued May 13, 2020
Updated Guidance for Outpatient Facilties issued May 5, 2020
Updates on Public Health COVID-19 Reporting Orders issued April 30, 2020
CDPH COVID-19 PPE Conservation Guidance for Hospitals issued March 19, 2020
Updated Guidance for Outpatient Facilties issued May 5, 2020
CDPH Order: Duties of Hospitals and Other Congregate Facilities issued March 19, 2020
IDPH Respirator Reuse Guidance issued March 19, 2020
URGENT Updated COVID-19 Guidance for Hospitals issued March 18, 2020
Tips for Outpatient Healthcare Facilities During COVID-19 Community Transmission issued March 16, 2020
COVID-19: Testing Recommendations and Public Health Testing Updates issued March 16, 2020
COVID-19: Interim Infection Control Guidance & Lab Testing issued March 12, 2020
Clarifying PUI Testing for COVID-19, issued March 5, 2020
COVID-19 Sample Submission to IDPH, issued March 4, 2020
Flow chart to Idenitfy and Assess 2019 Novel Coronavirus, issued Feb 1, 2020
COVID-19 Resources for Opioid Treatment Programs
COVID-19 Resources for Opioid Treatment Programs (OTPs):
- Learn more about SAMHSA’s COVID-19 Guidance for Opioid Treatment Programs here.
- Access the Drug Enforcement Administration’s guidelines on Use of Telemedicine While Providing Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) here.
- For the most up-to-date information on responses to COVID-19 for the Substance Use Disorder Treatment field, go to https://www.samhsa.gov/
Additional Information on Testing
- SARS-CoV-2 antibody tests are available but currently not approved by the Food and Drug Adminstration.
- Sensitivity, specificity, and reliability of available antibody tests has not yet been determined, and as such, PCR testing is recommended in conjunction with antibody testing in order to diagnose or exclude SARS-CoV-2 infection.
- False positives antibody tests might occur in the presence of past or present infection with other coronaviruses such as HKU1, NL63, OC43, or 229E.
- Although serologic testing by itself should not be used to diagnose infection with SARS-CoV-2, any positive IgM or IgG results should be reported to public health via the Illinois National Electronic Disease Survellance System (I-NEDSS). For providers not able to report via I-NEDSS, results may be reported through the COVID-19 Online Case Report Form (confidential online survey powered by REDCap).
- Please review information from the Infectious Diseases Society of America regarding COVID-19 Antibody Testing Primer.